Wow, because one of my very first posts on this blog was on the first IDRC-Harvard Forum 6 years ago, "A Dialogue on ICTs and Poverty Reduction," which brought together Professors Spence and Sen with 30 leading thinkers and practitioners from around the globe. It will be interesting to see what the emerging topics are, and to compare them to those 6 years ago.
In the worlds of ICTs and development, many important and transformative changes have occurred over the last six years, including:
- explosion of mobile phone use in the developing world – the ending of isolation;
- new social network technologies – social/political mobilization and participation;
- penetration of open and collaborative content development and delivery models;
- focus on the largest but poorest socio-economic group (the "Bottom of the Pyramid") and the new business and non-profit models that target and serve this group;
- increasing pressure and need for collective global action on climate change; and
- realization from crisis and recession that poverty strikes everywhere, and the economic management and risk mitigation capabilities of most countries need serious strengthening.
- family and social interaction, a source of individual happiness;
- economic services, market information, banking and micro credit, insurance;
- employment opportunities and means of increasing convenience and earnings;
- public and social services, distance education, telehealth, social protection;
- access to knowledge, innovation support services and open, collaborative undertakings;
- ICT sector growth, jobs and incomes, connection to the market and non-profit economies.
There are also emerging risks in the expanded prevalence of new technologies, including:
- political and technical control and repression, commercial and social manipulation;
- social mobilization for destructive purposes, e.g. the use of mobiles in instigating conflicts;
- privacy invasion – increased ability/opportunity for governments and the private sector;
- cyber-crime and national vulnerabilities to cyber-warfare, and the list goes on.
- Communications and the technologies that enable them, like education, comprise a basic building block of human development at all levels of poverty/prosperity and freedoms.
- The "connectedness revolution" is a major dimension of globalization, with the expansions and contractions of prosperity and freedoms that globalization causes for different peoples.
- Communications, enabled by ICTs, are increasing informed public dialogue and debate in many countries and societies.
- Informed public debate at national and international levels will be essential in achieving solutions to global warming, and better management of the global economy.
- Crisis prevention and management – financial, economic, pandemic, natural disaster – are being improved by ICT-enabled communication and information delivery.
- Openness is always better than protection in principal; how far can it reach in practice?