Thursday, April 30, 2009

A critique on Report by UN Commission for the Legal Empowerment of the Poor

Stephen Golub (a Law and Development colleague also affiliated with The Asia Foundation) recently published a critique of the Report by the UN Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor. Many of his critiques resonant with my own responses to the report, and he goes deeper and broader in his article. Published online by Cambridge University Press 10 Mar 2009, in the Hague Journal on the Rule of Law, Stephen Golub article is aptly titled, "The Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor: One Big Step Forward and A Few Steps Back for Development Policy and Practice".

A brief summary of some of his main criticisms (which are also based on three other articles):
  • takes as its starting point the widely questioned and somewhat unproven ideas of Commission co-chair Hernando de Soto;
  • accordingly attaches excessive importance to legal exclusion and downplays the many other legal and non-legal factors that perpetuate poverty;
  • ignores prior research and experience that take broader though more modest views of legal empowerment;
  • pays inadequate attention to gender;
  • proposes a top-down approach to what it nevertheless claims is bottom-up development;
  • implies that rational persuasion trumps political power and self-interest; and
  • adopts often inconsistent assumptions and recommendations
However, Stephen does give credit to the UN, and proposes a focus on lessons learned and channel funding to locally based NGOs:  
The Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor has made a considerable
contribution to the international development community by focusing attention
on concrete legal needs of impoverished populations. As such, it constitutes a fine
start for international, regional and domestic efforts to pull together a legal em-
powerment agenda... 

Going forward, it is important to build on the Commission’s good start, but de-
part from its false and even counterproductive steps; the international community
should instead draw on successful country-specific legal empowerment experience
from diverse contexts. This features increased investment in civil society efforts to
make the rule of law a reality, since such initiatives have a better track record than
government-centered programs that mainly rely on elite good will. It more specifi-
cally involves enhanced long-term funding for domestic and international NGO
efforts, both in the form of legal services for the disadvantaged and by integrating
such services into broader socioeconomic development programs. The interna-
tional community should also support impact-oriented applied research and move
toward establishing a Millennium Development Goal for legal empowerment

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